This Agreement Is Made At Ho Chi Minh City

The World Bank and the International Water Association (IWA) support capacity building and have entered into a global partnership to help countries reduce and improve their non-receiving waters (RNWs) through performance-based contracts (CBPs). A training workshop for potential contractors for the upcoming PBC appointments in Vietnam is currently in preparation for spring 2020. For more information, please contact katharine.cross@iwahq.org. So far, Vietnam has insisted that the terms « civil society » or « civil society organizations » should not be included in the draft agreement. While there are obvious advantages to the « performance » element in contracts, it also presents challenges. At the beginning, the quality of available data must be reliable and reflect the current baseline of available resources and current performance. It is a big problem that we often face. Second, the availability of competent contractors is an essential element. The criteria for selecting contractors must therefore be carefully defined.

There are currently many international contractors operating around the world who specialize in the execution of these PBCs. On the other hand, national expertise in Vietnam, but also in many other countries, is still not enough to compete in this market for leases. Limited national awareness and expertise motivate capacity building as an essential element of the introduction of the PBC for the reduction of NRW, both for water suppliers and for potential contractors. Each international contractor must be sanitized with local companies for implementation. Capacity development with these local companies facilitates the creation of winning teams for the main contractor, but also allows for more informed competition between companies entering this market. With the victory of the Allies in 1945, Japanese troops withdrew from Vietnam and left Emperor Bao Dai, trained in France, in control of an independent Vietnam. Under the leadership of Vo Nguyen Giap, Viet Minh forces conquered the northern city of Hanoi and declared a democratic state of Vietnam (commonly known as North Vietnam or the Democratic Republic of Vietnam) with Ho as president. Bao Dai renounced favor of the revolution, but the French military took control of South Vietnam, including Saigon, and The Chinese troops of Chiang Kai-Shek moved to the north under an allied agreement.